Egypt today remains horrifically divided, with the recent bloodbath certain to make things worse.
The liberal appropriation of the term "revolution" to describe everything from the events in Libya and Syria to the Green movement in Iran not only distorts social reality but also advances a dangerous narrative.
A weekly roundup of what IPS personalities are talking about.
Since the military coup that toppled the country's elected Muslim Brotherhood government, the message of the many Egyptians we met last year resonates with even greater power.
The removal from office of President Mohammed Morsi portends great excitement but even greater threats to democracy.
The lesson from the streets of Brazil, Turkey, and the Arab world is to avoid underestimating social movements still in their infancy.
To support women's rights in Egypt, the international community must condemn state violence, support civil society, and work for economic justice.
Football fan clubs have played an unexpectedly powerful political role in Egypt's revolutionary path.
President Morsi is caught between the IMF, with its demand for austerity measures, and protestors.
In the void left by the government's utter lack of action, citizens are stepping forward to protect women at demonstrations.