Paths for Reconstruction in the 21st Century


The Paths for Reconstruction in the 21st Century project links knowledge to the betterment of the human condition through thinking and practical action. The project is based on the assumption that a renaissance of moral action and thought is on the immediate horizon.

Four Freedoms Under Siege: 2008 EpilogueFour Freedoms Under Siege Serialized

In the future days which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.

The first is freedom of speech and expression-everywhere in the world.

The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way-everywhere in the world.

The third is freedom from want, which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants-everywhere in the world.

The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor-anywhere in the world.

–Franklin Delano Roosevelt,
Annual Message to Congress,
January 6, 1941

Afterward & Last Words

Afterword: Lifting the Siege of the Four Freedoms: This Afterword was first published after Barack Obama’s victory in the 2008 presidential elections. Some numbers have obviously changed, but the message, sadly and frustratingly, is the  same–or worse: The United States still finds itself squarely in the eye of a perfect storm of disasters–many the legacy of the illegal, unethical, secretive Bush 2 administration, some as a consequence of the policies of the Obama administration and a remarkably foolish Congress. The continuation of permanent war, is but one dangerous example.  (PDF)

Last Words: Ahead of History: Marcus Raskin and the Institute for Policy Studies: (PDF)

Order the Book

The Four Freedoms Under Siege can be ordered at:,, Barnes & Noble (, and


America’s Warfare Welfare State

The United States has been at war for more years than it has been at peace. War is not a "last resort," something we fall back on when diplomacy, sanctions and other tools fail. It has become our normal condition.

Remembering Bernard “B.” Rapoport

B., a man of ideas who was nimble to adapt to the times, understood that today's movement for the 99 percent had its roots in many earlier social movements.

Blowing the Whistle

IPS co-founder Marcus Raskin helped whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg release the Pentagon Papers.
Page 1 of 41234