Paths for Reconstruction in the 21st Century
The Paths for Reconstruction in the 21st Century project links knowledge to the betterment of the human condition through thinking and practical action. The project is based on the assumption that a renaissance of moral action and thought is on the immediate horizon.
Four Freedoms Under Siege Serialized
In the future days which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.
The first is freedom of speech and expression-everywhere in the world.
The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way-everywhere in the world.
The third is freedom from want, which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants-everywhere in the world.
The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor-anywhere in the world.
--Franklin Delano Roosevelt,
Annual Message to Congress,
January 6, 1941
Afterward & Last Words
Afterword: Lifting the Siege of the Four Freedoms: This Afterword was first published after Barack Obama’s victory in the 2008 presidential elections. Some numbers have obviously changed, but the message, sadly and frustratingly, is the same--or worse: The United States still finds itself squarely in the eye of a perfect storm of disasters--many the legacy of the illegal, unethical, secretive Bush 2 administration, some as a consequence of the policies of the Obama administration and a remarkably foolish Congress. The continuation of permanent war, is but one dangerous example. (PDF)
Last Words: Ahead of History: Marcus Raskin and the Institute for Policy Studies: (PDF)
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America's Warfare Welfare State
October 15, 2012 - The United States has been at war for more years than it has been at peace. War is not a "last resort," something we fall back on when diplomacy, sanctions and other tools fail. It has become our normal condition. By Marcus Raskin and Greg Squires
Remembering Bernard "B." Rapoport
April 23, 2012 - B., a man of ideas who was nimble to adapt to the times, understood that today's movement for the 99 percent had its roots in many earlier social movements. By Marcus Raskin
Masters of the Universe: Noam Chomsky on Universality and Moral Platitudes
June 20, 2011 - Raskin's commentary gains a renewed relevance in the context of Western "humanitarian" interventions in Libya and Yemen, and as the recent arrest of Serbian war criminal Ratko Mladic brings the contradictions of international law to the forefront. By Marcus Raskin
How the Institute for Policy Studies Helped Release the Pentagon Papers
June 13, 2011 - IPS co-founder Marcus Raskin and others provided crucial aid to whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg. By Lacy MacAuley
Blowing the Whistle
June 13, 2011 - IPS co-founder Marcus Raskin helped whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg release the Pentagon Papers. By Lacy MacAuley, published in The Panama News and The Winona (MN) Daily News
- Released October 13, 2008
By Marcus Raskin and Robert Spero
FDR's Four Freedoms — Freedom of Speech, Freedom to Worship, Freedom from Want, and Freedom from Fear — were presented to the American people in his 1941 State of the Union address, and they became the inspiration for a second bill of rights, extending the New Deal and guaranteeing work, housing, medical care, and education. Although the bill never was adopted in a legal sense in this country, its principles pervaded the political landscape for an entire generation, including the War on Poverty and the Great Society reforms of the 1960s. Furthermore, the ideas expressed in the Four Freedoms speech inspired the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. But since the late 1970s and early 1980s, these freedoms have been under assault, from presidential administrations of both parties, economic pressures, and finally, the alleged requirements of national security. After 9/11, this process accelerated even more rapidly.
The new epilogue to the book discusses what needs to be done to lift the siege on the four freedoms and repair the damages incurred by the Bush administration.
- Released October 10, 2008
By Marcus Raskin and Devin West
For decades, U.S. military officials have used the euphemism “collateral damage” to refer to the deaths of civilians and destruction of property that resulted from military operations. As a public relations device, this term has helped mask the true toll of aggressive actions and given the impression that any harm inflicted was purely unintentional. Military officials also repeatedly assert that they make every effort to minimize these accidental results. As former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld stated in an ABC interview shortly after the Iraq invasion in 2003, “Our preference is, as a country, to have as little collateral damage as possible.” However the reality is that the U.S. military has made very little effort to avoid massive destruction in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and in some cases, policies and practices seem intended to drive up the level of devastation.
- Released May 21, 2008
By Marcus Raskin
Citizens are prone to stand up when the President enters a room. They may even put on their suit jackets when the president phones, as distinguished historian Arthur Schlesinger did when President Kennedy called. However, since the beginning of the Republic, Americans have made clear to their Presidents that they should not expect respect. This despite the best presidential efforts; when President Nixon sought to foster an imperial aura about himself with an honor guard dressed in uniforms reminiscent of Kaiser Wilhelm's escort, there was such an outcry of laughter, derision and disbelief that he quickly withdrew his clumsy attempt.
Presidential Disrespect profiles the political life and presidency of John Quincy Adams, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan. Within each profile you will find quotes from colleagues, press and ordinary citizenry disrespecting the presidents. The profiles also contain information about the elections that each president faced which in some ways parallel this year's political races.
- Published April 19, 2012
- ISBN 978-1-59797-532-2
By Marcus Raskin and Gregory D. Squires
This edited volume reveals how a permanent war economy has made the United States unable to spread democracy abroad and has worsened domestic problems.
- Published March 1, 2007
- ISBN 978-1-4051-5065-1
Written by renowned political philosopher Andrew Levine, Political Keywords guides readers through today's most commonly used- and misused- political terminology.
A much-needed dictionary of contemporary political vernacular from “alienation” to “Zionism” Defines the most important political keywords, i.e. the often-confusing (and sometimes intentionally misleading) terms that are used to describe our politics Refamiliarizes the reader with today’s most commonly used and misused terms, thus clarifying the current political landscape Assumes no prior academic background in politics Includes extensive cross-referencing, suggested further readings, and a comprehensive glossary Provides the ideal guide to navigating a landscape of dangerously vague terms
- Published December 1, 2006
- ISBN 0-275-98911-9
By Marcus Raskin and Robert Spero
FDR's Four Freedoms--Freedom of Speech, Freedom to Worship, Freedom from Want, and Freedom from Fear--were presented to the American people in his 1941 State of the Union address, and they became the inspiration for a second bill of rights, extending the New Deal and guaranteeing work, housing, medical care, and education. Although the bill never was adopted in a legal sense in this country, its principles pervaded the political landscape for an entire generation, including the War on Poverty and the Great Society reforms of the 1960s. Furthermore, the ideas expressed in the Four Freedoms speech inspired the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The authors address the hard questions of individual freedom versus national security that are on the minds of Americans of all political stripes. "You reach the inescapable conclusion," the authors write, "that the United States is a warrior nation, has been addicted to war from the start, and is able to sustain its warfare habit only by mugging American taxpayers, and believing in its mission as God's chosen."
- January 25, 2009
The Herald Press features article “Unleash the Arts: 1 percent of the Stimulus Package”• See the article
- January 25, 2009
The Mansfield News Journal features article “Unleash the Arts: 1 percent of the Stimulus Package”Visit the publisher's website • See the article
- January 22, 2009
The Bemidji (MN) Pioneer features article “Unleash the Arts: 1 percent of the Stimulus Package”• See the article
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Project StaffMarcus Raskin
IPS Distinguished Fellow